Euro (accepted unofficially in most establishments) The territories are members of the Commonwealth of Nations through the United Kingdom. Governed by the Crown as the Head of State, currently Queen Elizabeth II, representatives are appointed in each territory to exercise the monarch’s executive power. They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. Pound sterling (widely circulated and accepted universally) Image credit: Everett Collection/Shutterstock. Sep 3, 2015. Most of the permanently inhabited territories are internally self-governing, with the UK retaining responsibility for defence and foreign relations. English colonisation of North America began officially in 1607 with the settlement of Jamestown, the first successful permanent colony in Virginia (a term that was then applied generally to North America). Each territory has its own attorney general, and court system.  Within the FCO, the general responsibility for the territories is handled by the Overseas Territories Directorate. For reference, their populations and capital cities have also been included. Bahamian dollar (accepted unofficially in the Turks and Caicos Islands), Eastern Caribbean dollar (pegged to US dollar at 2.7ECD=1USD), Bermudian dollar (parity with US dollar) It is geographically the largest of the 14 British Overseas Territories with an area of 660,000 square miles. There are a total of 14 British overseas territories — 10 of which are included on the UN's list of non-self-governing territories. The Governor is the head of government and leads the Executive Council, consisting of appointed members made up from the Legislative Council and two, These territories have a House of Assembly, Legislative Assembly (Cayman Islands and Montserrat), with political parties. The clock is ticking, and all eyes are on London. The Governor is also responsible for liaising with the UK Government, and carrying out any ceremonial duties. Commonwealth countries. A territory may issue belonger status to allow a person to reside in the territory that they have close links with.  With 1997 approaching, the United Kingdom and China negotiated the Sino-British Joint Declaration, which led to the whole of Hong Kong becoming a "special administrative region" of China in 1997, subject to various conditions intended to guarantee the preservation of Hong Kong's capitalist economy and its way of life under British rule for at least 50 years after the handover. Instead, they are those parts of the former British Empire that have not acquired independence, or, unlike the Commonwealth realms, have voted to remain British territories. Llanito. United States dollar (accepted unofficially in most establishments), Gibraltar pound (parity with pound sterling) The British originally took control of Gibraltar to control shipping and out of the Mediterranean Sea. It has a long history of worldwide exploration and it is known for its historic colonies around the world. Europe Why a no-deal Brexit has British Overseas Territories worried. For other uses, see, Territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom, Location of the United Kingdom and the British Overseas Territories, British Overseas Territories Joint Ministerial Council, Articles relating to British overseas territories, Section 5 of British Nationality Act 1983. Full British citizenship has been granted to most 'belongers' of overseas territories (mainly since the British Overseas Territories Act 2002). Some of these cookies are essential, while others help us to improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is being used. The bicameral, The Turks and Caicos Islands adopted a new constitution effective 9 August 2006; their head of government now also has the title, All members elected either as MPs in the UK cabinet, Defence, security and safety of the territories and their people. Through a process of decolonisation following the Second World War, most of the British colonies in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean gained independence. BRITISH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES . Only the latter grants the right of abode in a specific country or territory, namely, the United Kingdom proper which includes its three Crown Dependencies. Spain has contested British control of Gibraltar since it was cede… Pitcairn Islands, settled by the survivors of the Mutiny on the Bounty, is the smallest settled territory with 49 inhabitants, while the smallest by land area is Gibraltar on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.  Most former colonies and protectorates became member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, a non-political, voluntary association of equal members, comprising a population of around 2.2 billion people.. Most British Overseas Territories are self-governing but rely on the UK in crucial matters of foreign policy etc. Great Britain used to control a quarter of the world, but today, they control a single autonomous region and 14 Overseas Territories. Five nations contest, with counter-claims, the UK's sovereignty in the following overseas territories: None of the overseas territories has its own nationality status, and most residents hold two forms of British nationality: British Overseas Territories citizenship (BOTC) and British citizenship. Although the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man are also under the sovereignty of the British monarch, they are in a different constitutional relationship with the United Kingdom. From 1949 to 1983, the nationality status of Citizenship of UK and Colonies (CUKC) was shared by residents of the UK proper and residents of overseas territories, although most residents of overseas territories lost their automatic right to live in the UK after the ratification of Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968 that year unless they were born in the UK proper or had a parent or a grandparent born in the UK. The UK's mainland consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. It retains strong cultural ties with Britain. Several of the territories in the Americas maintain membership within the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, the Caribbean Community, the Caribbean Development Bank, Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency, and the Association of Caribbean States. It has a long history of worldwide exploration and it is known for its historic colonies around the world. Montserrat 10. Before 1981 the territories were known as colonies or Crown colonies. The territorial evolution of the British Empire is considered to have begun with the foundation of the English colonial empire in the late 16th century. And if you insist on having the Isle of Man and the "Channel Islands", although they are NOT overseas territories, then you should show them as Guernsey and Jersey - they are separate from each other despite their geographical proximity. , Two areas, Henderson Island in the Pitcairn Islands as well as the Gough and Inaccessible Islands of Tristan Da Cunha are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and two other territories, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and Saint Helena are on the United Kingdom's tentative list for future UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Saint Helena, Saint Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, 7. (C) The British Overseas Territories (BOT) are fourteen far-flung possessions under British sovereignty that hearken to the era when Britannia truly ruled the waves. 1. These territories are not officially a part of the UK, as most are self-governing (but they do remain under its jurisdiction). The Pitcairn sexual assault trial of 2004 is an example of how the UK may choose to provide the legal framework for particular cases where the territory cannot do so alone. The role of the Governor is to act as the de facto head of state, and they are usually responsible for appointing the head of government, and senior political positions in the territory. During the European Union (EU) membership of the UK the main body of EU law did not apply and, although certain slices of EU law were applied to the overseas territories as part of the EU's Association of Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT Association), they were not commonly enforceable in local courts. The Good Government Fund which provides assistance on government administration; The Economic Diversification Programme Budget which aim to diversify and enhance the economic bases of the territories. Introduction. Falkland Islands pound (parity with pound sterling) , All the overseas territories have their own system of government, and localised laws. The protected area would be 234,291 square kilometers, half of which would be closed to fishing. The British Overseas Territories located in the Caribbean, once widely known as British West Indies, represented back in the heyday of the Empire just small additions of red marks in the imperial map. Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands are the only British Overseas Territories with recognised National Olympic Committees (NOCs); the British Olympic Association is recognised as the appropriate NOC for athletes from the other territories, and thus athletes who hold a British passport are eligible to represent Great Britain at the Olympic Games. , The three regions of biodiversity hotspots situated in the British Overseas Territories are the Caribbean Islands, the Mediterranean Basin and the Oceania ecozone in the Pacific. Five years after the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997, the British government amended the 1981 Act to give British citizenship without restrictions to all BDTCs (the status was also renamed BOTC at the same time) except for those solely connected with Akrotiri and Dhekelia (whose residents already held Cypriot citizenship). The following is a list of the 14 British Overseas Territories arranged by land area. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Currently (2019) all but two Governors are either career diplomats or have worked in other Civil Service departments. Missing several answers, such as Saba, St Eustatius, St Maarten, Aruba, Madeira, Azores, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, … The Southern part of BAT was named Queen Elizabeth Land in honor of the queen. 1 Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. The UK exerts its formal control through a governor of each territory, appointed by the British Monarch. The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is the subject of a territorial dispute with Mauritius, the government of which claims that the separation of the Chagos Archipelago from the rest of British Mauritius in 1965, three years before Mauritius was granted independence from the United Kingdom, was not lawful. The current Constitution, incorporating a Bill of Rights, was ordained by a statutory instrument of the United Kingdom in 2009. The UK exerts its formal control through a governor of each territory, appointed by the British Monarch. only Montserrat and Saint Helena receive budgetary aid (i.e. Overseas citizens held concurrent European Union citizenship, having given them rights of free movement across all EU member states. The Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus were never part of the European Union, but they are the only British overseas territory to use the euro as official currency. British Indian Ocean Territory; British Virgin Islands; Cayman Islands; Falkland Islands; Gibraltar - outside ASSI's remit due to its position within the European Union. Commemorative UK Pounds and Stamps issued in GBP have been issued. The Commissioner, supported by an Administrator, runs the affairs of the territory. A 20-seat Legislative Assembly is elected by the people every four years to handle domestic affairs. 1.1 The status of "British Dependent Territory" was created by the BNA 1981 and, by virtue of a connection with such a place, a person may be or become a BDTC under Part II of the 1981 Act. [better source needed], As of April 2018[update], three Territories (the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar and the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia in Cyprus) are the responsibility of the Minister of State for Europe and the Americas; the Minister responsible for the remaining Territories is the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Overseas Territories and Sustainable Development. These and other large self-governing colonies had become known as Dominions by the 1920s. , Two national parties, UKIP and the Liberal Democrats, have endorsed calls for direct representation of overseas territories in the UK Parliament, as well as backbench members of the Conservative Party and Labour Party.. The long-running dispute was referred in 2017 to the International Court of Justice, which issued an advisory opinion on 25 February 2019 which supported the position of the Government of Mauritius. Those with family links to a British overseas territory will probably become a British overseas territories citizen (BOTC). Amidst the mass decolonization of the British Rule some of the colonies remained under British Monarchy, formulating eventually into the British Overseas Territories. Population: 35,000 Area: 6.7 km2 (2.6 mi2) Gibraltar is the second smallest British territory and the only one which is a part of continental Europe. List of Commonwealth countries, British Overseas Territories, British Crown Dependencies and EU member states .  The United Kingdom participates in the Antarctic Treaty System and, as part of a mutual agreement, the British Antarctic Territory is recognised by four of the six other sovereign nations making claims to Antarctic territory. They include: The 14 British overseas territories use a varied assortment of currencies, including the Euro, British pound, United States dollar, New Zealand dollar, or their own currencies, which may be pegged to one of these. Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Capital: Plymouth (abandoned); Brades (center of government today). The fourteen British Overseas Territories are territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.They do not, however, form part of it. Early colonies, in the sense of English subjects residing in lands hitherto outside the control of the English government, were generally known as "Plantations". Flag of the United Kingdom The structure of the government appears to be closely correlated to the size and political development of the territory. Turks and Caicos Islands However, those changes only related to British citizenship, not other types of nationality covered by the 1981 Act, including British Overseas Territory citizenship. Defence of the Overseas Territories is the responsibility of the UK. Euro (accepted unofficially in most establishments), Saint Helenian pound (parity with pound sterling) The first, unofficial, colony was Newfoundland, where English fishermen routinely set up seasonal camps in the 16th century. The British Antarctic Territory has some overlap with territorial claims by both Argentina and Chile. The, There is no elected government. Many of the overseas territories are used as military bases by the UK and its allies. The head of state in the overseas territories is the British monarch, Elizabeth II. At the other end of the scale, three territories have no civilian population; the Antarctic territory, the British Indian Ocean Territory (from which the Chagos Islanders were controversially removed) and South Georgia. Below that are lists of university colleges and other recognised bodies (institutions with degree awarding powers), followed by a list of defunct institutions. , Shara Proctor from Anguilla, Delano Williams from the Turks and Caicos Islands, Jenaya Wade-Fray from Bermuda and Georgina Cassar from Gibraltar strived to represent Team GB at the London 2012 Olympics. The term "British Overseas Territory" was introduced by the British Overseas Territories Act 2002, replacing the term British Dependent Territory, introduced by the British Nationality Act 1981. Gibraltar was a fortress which was never conquered while under British control. Some territories maintain diplomatic officers in nearby countries for trade and immigration purposes.  This restored the right of abode in the UK to residents of overseas territories after a 34-year hiatus from 1968 to 2002. Since then, many territories around the world have been under the control of the United Kingdom or its predecessor states. Geography of the Territories of the United States, Geography of the Windward and Leeward Islands, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Responsibility for protection of biodiversity and meeting obligations under international environmental conventions is shared between the UK Government and the local governments of the territories. The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or alternatively, United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. British Antarctic Territory 4. Since they are separate jurisdictions, there is no British Overseas Territories' representation in the British parliament. The territory includes three regions which were administered independently as part of the Falkland Islands before 1962. British Overseas Territories and List of British flags are connected through Flag of Gibraltar, Coat of arms of Gibraltar, Red Ensign and more.. It’s most prominent feature is the Rock of Gibraltar which is a large rock which dominates the entrance to the Mediterranian Sea. British overseas territories: an overview. As a British overseas territory, the British Virgin Islands must implement all international sanctions that are extended to it through legislative action by the UK government. The OCT Association also provided overseas territories with structural funding for regeneration projects. There were only two exceptions: Falkland Islanders, who were automatically granted British citizenship and was treated as a part of the UK proper through the enactment of British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983 due to the Falklands War with Argentina, and Gibraltarians who were given the special entitlement to be registered as British citizens upon request without further conditions because of its individual membership in the European Economic Area and the European Community.. United States dollar (accepted unofficially)Pound sterling is also accepted. The UK's mainland consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. Its offshoot, Bermuda, was settled inadvertently after the wrecking of the Virginia company's flagship there in 1609, with the Virginia Company's charter extended to officially include the archipelago in 1612.  Gibraltar's Gorham's Cave Complex is also found on the UK's tentative UNESCO World Heritage Site list. United States dollar (accepted unofficially on Ascension Island), United States dollar United States dollar (widely circulated and accepted universally), Cayman Islands dollar (pegged to US dollar at 1KYD=1.2USD), New Zealand dollar , Historically the Secretary of State for the Colonies and the Colonial Office were responsible for overseeing all British Colonies, but today the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) has the responsibility of looking after the interests of all overseas territories except the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, which comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defence. Individual overseas territories have legislative independence over immigration, and consequently, BOTC status does not automatically grant the right of abode in any of the territories, as it depends on the territory's immigration laws. United Kingdom. The Dominions achieved almost full independence with the Statute of Westminster (1931). Most British Overseas Territories are self-governing but rely on the UK in crucial matters of foreign policy etc. In addition, most territories have customs, immigration, border, and coastguard agencies. For these residents, registration as full British citizens then required physical residence in the UK proper. Territories with military bases or responsibilities may also have "Overseas Service Police", members of the British or Commonwealth Armed Forces. From the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century, the larger settler colonies – in Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa – first became self-governing colonies and then achieved independence in all matters except foreign policy, defence and trade. British Indian Ocean Territory 5. Separate self-governing colonies federated to become Canada (in 1867), Australia (in 1901), South Africa (in 1910), and Rhodesia (in 1965). There is no elected government, as there is no native settled population. Permanent residency for the approximately 7,000 civilians living in the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia is limited to citizens of the Republic of Cyprus. Commonwealth countries1. Anguilla 2. , In January 2016, the UK government announced the intention to create a marine protected area around Ascension Island. 1. A Commissioner has the same powers as a Governor, but also acts as the head of government. For the smaller territories, the UK may appoint a UK-based lawyer or judge to work on legal cases. financial contribution to recurrent funding). Foreign affairs of the overseas territories are handled by the FCO in London. In addition, there are 14 overseas territories of Britain that are remnants of former British colonies. A British Overseas Territory is one of fourteen territories which the United Kingdom considers to be under its sovereignty, but not as part of the United Kingdom itself. Gibraltar was the only overseas territory that was part of the EU, although it was not part of the European Customs Union, the European Tax Policy, the European Statistics Zone or the Common Agriculture Policy.  It is now a province of Canada known as Newfoundland and Labrador. The British Overseas Territories (BOTs), also known as United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are fourteen territories all with a constitutional and historical link with the United Kingdom. , In 2012, the FCO published The Overseas Territories: security, success and sustainability which set out Britain's policy for the Overseas Territories, covering six main areas:, Britain and the overseas territories do not have diplomatic representations, although the governments of the overseas territories with indigenous populations all retain a representative office in London. Pound sterling (widely circulated and accepted universally) Im Jahr 2002 verabschiedete das Parlament des Vereinigten Königreiches den British … Level 45. Collectively, the Territories encompass a population of about 250,000 people and a land area of about 1,700,000 square kilometres (660,000 sq mi). BAT was formed on March 3, 1962, although the UK claimed it both in 1908 and 1917. The remaining two Governors are former members of the British armed forces.  Several specialist funds are made available by the UK, including: The territories have no official representation in the UK Parliament, but have informal representation through the All-Party Parliamentary Group, and can petition the UK Government through the Directgov e-Petitions website. The governors of the territories may also allow naturalization of non-BOTCs as BOTCs.  The Queen appoints a representative in each territory to exercise her executive power. These territories are current British overseas territories from their formation on 1 January 1983. Falkland Islands 8. This is particularly important for cases involving serious crimes and where it is impossible to find a jury who will not know the defendant in a small population island.. They all have the British monarch as head of state. After the independence of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in Africa in 1980 and British Honduras (now Belize) in Central America in 1981, the last major colony that remained was Hong Kong, with a population of over 5 million. , A Stoplight Parrotfish in Princess Alexandra Land and Sea National Park, Providenciales, Turks and Caicos Islands, Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region, "BOTs" redirects here. A Joint Ministerial Council of UK ministers, and the leaders of the Overseas Territories has been held annually since 2012 to provide representation between UK Government departments and Overseas Territory Governments.. Prior to 1 January 1983, the territories were officially referred to as British Crown Colonies. Britain provides financial assistance to the overseas territories via the Department for International Development. The UK Overseas Territories are: Anguilla; Bermuda; British Antarctic Territory (BAT) - ASSI has no direct responsibility in relation to BAT as the Antarctic Treaty takes precedence. South Sandwich and the South Georgia Islands, 5. Bermuda 3. For other uses, see Bots (disambiguation).. British Overseas Territories.  There are at least 180 endemic plant species in the overseas territories as opposed to only 12 on the UK mainland. Page 23", "TCI Regiment gets its first commanding officer", "South Asia :: British Indian Ocean Territory — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "British Indian Ocean Territory Currency", "Representing Britain...and Bermuda | Bermuda Olympics 2012", "Williams' Olympic hopes on hold for 4 more years", "At last! The qualifying territories are: 1. George Town in the Cayman Islands has consequently become the largest city in the Overseas Territories. The British Antarctic Territory is a section of the Antarctic under the jurisdiction of the UK. Some colonies became Commonwealth realms, retaining the British monarch as their own head of state. Proctor, Wade-Fray and Cassar qualified for Team GB, with Williams missing the cut, however wishing to represent the UK in 2016.. Exceptions to this are Bermuda which uses a Red Ensign; British Antarctic Territory which uses a White Ensign, but without the overall cross of St. George; British Indian Ocean Territory which uses a Blue Ensign with wavy lines to symbolise the sea; and Gibraltar which uses a banner of its coat of arms (the flag of the city of Gibraltar). British Virgin Islands 6.
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